Welcome to Frugal Engineering

Frugal Design

Frugal innovations are all the rage! With their genesis at grassroots levels of society, these products have evolved into Advanced Frugal Innovations (AFIs) possessing good technological sophistication. Many advanced frugal products need cutting edge research other than routine science and technology for their fruition.

Frugal engineering concerns the systematic creation of products that are low in cost, consume lesser resources and give good functionality.

Frugal engineering is an important tool for tackling the challenges thrown by climate-change and other planetary and manmade crises of our time. Frugal engineering is significant for all-round sustainable development.

Frugal engineering will increasingly impact all human endeavours, both commercial and public, for widespread sustainable development. Instances include, but not limited to, UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), pandemic-related efforts, commercial and academic interests.

Irrespective of your field of interest or current vocation, please drop Professor Balkrishna Rao a line in the link here for your interest and/or need for research-solution using principles of frugal engineering.



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Balkrishna C. Rao

Professor (ICCR Visiting Chair Leibniz University Hannover, Germany 2022), Engineering Design, IIT Madras.